Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Diamonds Are My Best Friend Essay -- essays research papers

“It is designed to break your heart. The game begins in spring, when everything else begins again. And it blossoms in the summer, filling the afternoons and evenings. And then as soon as the chill rains come, it stops and leaves you to face the fall alone.'; A. Bartlett Giamatti, the former commissioner of Major League Baseball. From the lush, green grass to the smell of an old leather glove, baseball is truly an extraordinary game. Let us look beyond the enormous salaries and free agency and examine baseball for what it really is: an outstanding form of entertainment. Baseball is incredibly important to me, as not only have I learned an enormous amount from it, I have experienced a whole spectrum of emotions during my love affair with the game. I have been a baseball fan all my life. I remember watching my beloved St. Louis Cardinals play in their robin’s egg blue uniforms in the early 1980’s. We had a birdfeeder in our backyard, and every morning, the same cardinal would stop for his breakfast. I named him Tommy Herr, after the Cardinals second baseman at the time. Tommy has long since retired, but I will always remember the little bird flying in my backyard. It is difficult for one to approach this subject without a sense of heroism and romanticism of it’s rich history. One of my favorite parts of going to the ballpark is listening to the fascinating stories of old timers, the men who have loved the game since childhood. They remember Musial, Maris, and Mantle. They can tell you stories of hearing Hank Aaron hitting his record breaking home run on the radio, or watching Lou Gehrig as a young child. Many of the greatest baseball stories can be heard from these men, living encyclopedias if what the game once was, and it today. Someday I will be sitting in the box seats of a ballpark, and a young child will take the seat beside me. I can captive his imagination with anecdotes of Cal Ripken Jr.’s remarkable streak, Ozzie Smith’s amazing back flips, Pedro Martinez’s menacing fastball, and the magical summer of 1998 when Sammy Sosa and Mark McGwire mystified the world with their long ball heroics. Only in recent years have I begun to truly appreciate the game for what it really is. While some go to the ballpark to see home runs, popular players, or fireworks, I find myself attracted to th... ... that next year, it will all begin again. A fresh new start. A brand new season. However, right now, it is fall. A pitcher grabs a coat to keep his throwing arm warm in this chilly rain, and soon the entire dugout is seen donning coats. The leaves start to change to brown. Kids go back to school. Football begins to creep onto the minds and lips of sports fans. The season comes to a close, and the spring looks terribly far away with an icy cold winter between now and the promises that lie ahead. Baseball has survived throughout the years. It has survived two World Wars. It has survived a depression. It will continue to survive throughout the next millennium. It has gone on strike and saw half it’s fans leave, then watched them come back to see truly great men exhibit even greater talent. Baseball is a sport for the ages. Eighty year old men who have watched this game for years come to the park and sit next to eight year old boys who have never seen a professional game in their lives. That’s what baseball is all about. It is extraordinary. Athletes rise above the compitition and achieve greatness while astonishing veteran fans and simultaneously earning new ones.

Monday, January 13, 2020

Negro Speaks of Rivers Analysis

Proud to have endured some of the most powerful challenges mankind has ever witnessed, he Negro spirit has grown through time with its people. In Langston Hughes’s poem, â€Å"The Negro Speaks of Rivers†, the speaker uses devices such as anaphora and allusion to convey pride in the Negro spirit. The anaphora present in the poem is seen in phrases such as, â€Å"I bathed,† â€Å"I built,† â€Å"I looked,†   and â€Å"I heard† . Each of these phrases has a declarative feeling, in which the speaker is strongly affirming that he, himself, has performed the actions.They dictate events in history, which give the Negro spirit its sense of valiance and pride. When the speaker proclaims, â€Å"I looked upon the Congo and raised the pyramids above it,† he is alluding to his ancestors’ past experiences as slaves. In which they lived in harsh conditions, and performed demanding tasks such as building the pyramids. After this, the Negro sp irit reminisces a time when Abraham Lincoln sailed down the Mississippi by recalling, â€Å"I’ve seen its muddy bosom turn all golden in the sunset†.With the use of this allusion, the spirit mentions how the hard work throughout history has paid off, and that it is something to be proud of. The spirit has â€Å"[known] ancient dusky rivers,† in which African ancestors have lived as slaves, been mistreated and had to earn their freedom. The Negro spirit is proud of his honorable acts, in which he rose from deep within the â€Å"dusky rivers† and climbed his way to a golden sunset.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Implementing Organisational Guidelines And Procedures

Make decisions in accordance with organisational guidelines and procedures The decision is made upon and according to the business plan, business goals and objectives, school vision, mission, values standard and the business motto. All the decisions are compatible with the achievement of the business short term and long term development plans. Ensure decisions taken are consistent with organisational objectives, values and standards The school’s objectives are: to be the top quality provider of vocational education within Australia and on the international standard level. The school’s values are to set its students as the top priorities to provide them with the excellent customer service and quality of teaching. The school’s standards†¦show more content†¦Design and test systems to meet information requirements of decision makers Following are the critical parts for information requirements of decision makers: †¢ Model A model is an abstract description of the decision problem. The model may be quantitative or qualitative. †¢ Criteria The criteria must state how goals or objectives of the decision problem can be achieved. When there is a conflict between different criteria, a choice has to be made through compromise. †¢ Constraints. Constraints are limiting factors which define outer limits and have to be respected while making a decision. For example, limited availability of funds is a constraint with which most decision makers have to live. †¢ Optimization Once the decision problem is fully described in a model, criteria for decision making stipulated and constraints identified, the decision-maker can select the best possible solution. Ensure information is up to date, accurate, relevant and sufficient for the recipient †¢ First establish management information needs and formulate broad systems objectives so as to delineate important decision areas (e.g., general management, financial management or human resources management). WithinShow MoreRelatedData Into The Computerized System1683 Words   |  7 PagesName: Thi Ngoc Anh Nguyen Student ID: S71565 Set up and operate a computerized system FNSACC406 Assessment 3 Describe the steps to be taken prior to inputting the data into the computerized system and how you would go about implementing the new system. †¢ The steps to be taken prior to inputting the data into the computerized system: - The first step: you will need to set up your company in your accounting software system. Look for company tab. Then, you fill in your company name, your company addressRead MoreHuman Resource Management And Organizational Goals1587 Words   |  7 Pagesresource practices with organisational goals have become mismatched. Due to external factors such as globalization, advances in technology and changing views regarding the importance of human resources as a competitive advantage for organisations, the nature of work has been redefined (Horwitz, Heng, Quazi, 2003). This has caused human resource management to become more than just a function, but a strategic partner within corporations that contributes to organisational success (Todericiu SerbanRead MoreImpact Of The Organization s Culture And Values On Leadership1140 Words   |  5 Pagesunique identity. They reflect theorganisation’s core values which are learned, re-learned and passed on to new members.These include the way people communicate with one another, how information isexchanged, the procedures and processes followed etc. Roger Harrison defined four typesof organisational culture depending on the level of centralisation and formalisation. Thisis indicated in the figure below. High FormalisationLow Formalisation In a power culture, power is concentrated in the hands of a fewRead MoreGeneral Guidelines And Rules On Risk Management1550 Words   |  7 PagesISO 31000:2009 explains the general guidelines and rules on risk management. 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It is not only the care establishment that needs to prioritise the safety , welfare and interests of the people it cares forRead MoreGeneral Guidelines And Rules On Risk Management1620 Words   |  7 PagesSO 31000:2009 explains the general guidelines and rules on risk management. These guidelines are used by associations, companies, organisations, private, communities, public and groups or individuals. Hence, ISO 31000:2009 does not limit to any particular industry. ISO 31000:2009 can be brought in application for the whole life span of an organization, and to a broad area of activities, which covers plans and strategies, decision making processes, specific functions, product and services etc. ThisRead MoreAccountability And Responsibility Of An Organization1009 Words   |  5 PagesThis position has to be occupied by an experienced project management professional or a person with equivalent experience or expertise, and must possess a higher order communication, negotiation, problem-solving, management, customer service, organisational and leadership skills. Project Manager A Project Manager (PM) is responsible for the project planning and implementation. The PM is responsible for: Planning and Defining Scope, activity Planning and sequencing, resource PlanningRead MoreThe Australian Workplace Is A Evolving Environment1483 Words   |  6 Pagesbarriers of uniformity. This both contextual and individual concept is refereed to as diversity. Contrary to popular belief, diversity does not jus relate to gender, race cultural identity. Diversity is categorized into four main categories: organisational, internal, external and personality. From these categories, various experiences and perspectives arise, portraying the concept of diversity. Unless managed and understood properly, diversity can cause a wide range of obstacles in the AustralianRead MoreThe idea of change is the most constant factor in business today and organisational change1300 Words   |  6 PagesThe idea of change is the most constant factor in business today and organisational change therefore plays a crucial role in this highly dynamic environment. It is defined as a company that is going thr ough a transformation and is in a progressive step towards improving their existing capabilities. Organisational change is important as managers need to continue to commit and deliver today but must also think of changes that lie ahead tomorrow. 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Saturday, December 28, 2019

Conflict Management Analysis - 852 Words

LP 4 | Conflict Management Analysis | Organizational Development 196-168 | | Paul Guell | 1/8/2011 | Marla Pearce, Instructor | Whether you work for a manufacturing facility or the health care system, conflict is unavoidable. As a manager, you must learn to deal with conflict in the workplace. In this paper I will describe the different styles of conflict management. I will also discuss my preferred conflict management style with examples of its use. Lastly, I will describe a situation at work and how a conflict management strategy could have improved that situation. There are five different conflict managing styles. They are: avoiding, accommodating, competing, compromising, and collaborating. First I will†¦show more content†¦This style is used when both sides need to make a decision and they both need to give up something to gain something. Unfortunately, these decisions tend to be temporary because neither side got exactly what they wanted. One positive use for this style is when a decision needs to be reached under a time constraint. This style is also useful as a backup conflict manag ement style to collaboration or competing (Nelson and Quick). Finally, the last conflict management style is called collaborating. Collaborating involves discussing the situation and arriving at a decision that is beneficial to both parties involved. This style can be used in situations where the goal is to learn or when both issues are too important to compromise on. Collaborating requires both parties to be honest and open when discussing the problem. Because both parties are opening up and exchanging information, collaborating can lead to better working relationships between employees (Nelson and Quick). After doing activity 13.2 in the text book, I discovered that I favored both collaborating and compromising conflict management styles. This was surprising because I figured that I would use the accommodating style the most. One situation where I used the compromising style at work was during a period when the production department wanted increased quality checks done on a troublesome engine part. The 2nd shift production supervisor and I sat down in aShow MoreRelatedTraining Needs Analysis Results, Evaluation Results And From My Own Observation941 Words   |  4 PagesThis reflective essay will looking at analysis skills in relation, to the evaluation of the training session. This essay will also compare the training needs analysis results, evaluation results and from my own observation and reflection. It will also identify the strengths and weaknesses of the training session. Some of the strengths are: engaged and activities which was presented. Whilst, the weakness are: time management and cohesiveness. Furthermore, this training session will also provide recommendationsRead MoreQuantitative Research : Data Collection1527 Words   |  7 PagesQuantitative research involves the collection and converting of data in numerical form to enable statistical calculations be made and conclusions drawn. It provides a measure of how people think, feel or b ehave and uses the statistical analysis to determine the results. However, this measurement result in numbers, or data, being collected, which is then analyzed by using quantitative research methods (Byrne, 2007). In quantitative research, data collection involves the gathering of informationRead MoreQuantitative Research : Data Collection1562 Words   |  7 Pages Quantitative research involves the collection and converting of data in numerical form to enable statistical calculations be made and conclusions drawn. It provides a measure of how people think, feel or behave and uses the statistical analysis to determine the results. However, this measurement result in numbers, or data, being collected, which is then analyzed by using quantitative research methods (Byrne, 2007). In quantitative research, data collection involves the gathering of informationRead MoreEssay Case Study- General Hospital972 Words   |  4 PagesRunning head: ANALYSIS OF: â€Å"CONFLICT RESOLUTION AT GENERAL HOSPITAL† Analysis of: â€Å"Conflict Resolution at General Hospital† August 22, 2010 Abstract This is paper will address the conflict at General Hospital and discuss the conflict management styles that are evident in the case. Next, there will be a discussion of how General Hospital could have used teams to address the cost reductions needed to stay competitive. A description of how HammerRead MoreConflict Management Styles Among Corporate Executives1161 Words   |  5 Pagesprevious researchers’ efforts and expertise. A potential research study on â€Å"Conflict Management Styles among Corporate Executives in Developing Countries – Nigeria a Case Study† is considered for a signature assignment. Conflict is inevitable and exists everywhere. In organizational system, conflict and methods of conflict management influences different groups (employees, management team and executives). Conflicts are realities of life and can be defined as a â€Å"situation of competition in whichRead MoreSolving The Conflict Resolution : Active Listening And Good Communication821 Words   |  4 Pageshelp them resolve their conflict. â€Å"Arbitration is a time-tested, cost-effective alternative to ligation. Arbitration is the submission of a dispute to one or more impartial persons for a final and binding decision, known as an ‘award’. Awards are made in writing and generally final and binding on the parties in the case† (American Arbitration Association). The Communication Process Communication is one of the key elements of the conflict resolution process. The most of the conflicting situationsRead MoreConflict Between Team Performance And Task Related Conflict1528 Words   |  7 PagesConflict forms According to Kurtzberg Mueller (2005), there are three main types of conflicts. The first type of conflict they describe is process related conflict that is based on the work procedures, how well work performance is and the obligations, roles, and responsibilities of teams. The second form of conflict is relationship-based conflict in which relationships and interaction play a major part between team members and individuals. Finally, the third type of conflict is task-related conflictRead MoreConflict Management Styles Among Corporate Executives1161 Words   |  5 Pagesprevious researchers’ efforts and expertise. A potential research study on â€Å"Conflict Management Styles among Corporate Executives in Developing Countries – Nigeria a Case Study† is considered for a signature assignment. Conflict is inevitable and exists everywhere. In organizational system, conflict and methods of conflict management influences different groups (employees, management team a nd executives). Conflicts are realities of life and can be defined as a â€Å"situation of competition in whichRead MoreEssay about Thomas Green Case1081 Words   |  5 PagesGael Cleophat MNGT 502 Dr. Premeaux Case Analysis Thomas Green: Power, Office Politics, and a Career in Crisis 1) What are the work styles and personalities of Thomas Green and Frank Davis? Thomas Green and Frank Davis use different working styles, and their personalities are also very different. When dealing with clients, Frank uses memos, proposals and also uses data to back up his proposals and give the client a better idea on what they are investing in. Thomas is more ofRead More conflict management styles Essay559 Words   |  3 PagesConflict Management Styles nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;How many people have conflicts with there parents? This is not a uncommon thing for young adults to show conflict with their parents. Conflicts are something that occur very often and it seems as though young adults have lots of conflicts with their parents. Some young adults feel as though, if they are eighteen, nineteen, or twenty that they are able to make their own decisions. Whether it be staying out past

Friday, December 20, 2019

Congressional Members By Income Analysis - 1484 Words

Congressional Members by Income In published reports, the median net worth of Americans in general, declined by ten percent between 2004 and 2010. In sharp contrast, the median net worth of Congressional members increased by fifteen percent during the same time period (Hutchinson 1). Hutchinson’s report demonstrates the insulation that members of Congress are afforded in times of economic downturn. With the median net worth of $913,000, Congressional members are spared the impact of harmful economic events such as increases in basic necessities such as milk, fuel, and utilities such as heat and water. In 2004, Democrats had a median net worth of $646,003, while Republicans had a reported median net worth of $932,024; by 2010, that†¦show more content†¦While public outcry has produced groups such as the Tea Party, who claim to favor nontraditional politics, it’s important to note that wealth is an important factor in campaigning. A person of modest income will find it more difficult to run for office than a person of a wealthy background. A person with wealth, by nature, runs in the same groups with his or her income level, and therefore has more access to raising money than a person who is not from a higher income level. A person who is not wealthy would have to do more fundraising, and acquire either larger contributions or small contributions from a greater number of people. The other factor that wealth plays in the political arena is the leveraging of time. A wealthy person is more able to devote time to campaign, while a person who does not have access to large income will have to work a full time job to support himself or his family. Wealth also affords the privileged with better educational opportunities. A person of low income will have to settle for more affordable colleges, or will have to take out massive amounts of student loans. Activists are constantly decrying the uncompassionate comments and policies that many in our government support. For example, many Congressmen view the Food Stamp program or SNAP as wasteful and abused. During our economic crisis, which was the worst in decades, the

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Death of a salesman 9 Essay Example For Students

Death of a salesman 9 Essay Loving a person too much can often be deceiving. Failing to act upon the truth in order to protect an individual’s pride and emotions can bring about destruction for the American Dream. Lois Gordon’s quote about Linda is a good example of the disillusionment that many people experience when loving someone too much, when he says, â€Å"Linda, as the eternal wife and mother, the fixed point of affection both given and received, is, in many ways, the earth mother who embodies the play’s ultimate moral valuelove. But in the beautiful, ironic complexity of her creation, she is also Willy’s destroyer.† In Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman Linda continually suffers from Willy’s frustrations. Even so, she manages to be the loving woman who attempts to keep her family happy However, by covering up failures and protecting pride, Linda ironically ends up being the cause of Willy’s destruction. Throughout the play, Linda suffers a great deal of stress from Willy’s feelings of disappointment. Willy’s impractical dreams have turned into a lifetime of frustrations. Disappointed and worried, Willy sometimes treats Linda cruelly or insensitively, but she understands the pain and fear behind his behavior, and forgives him in those moments. Willy is rude to Linda when he says, (page 65) â€Å"Will you let me talk? Don’t take his side all the time, goddammit!† When Biff responds to Willy’s discourteousness by furiously yelling at him, Linda sympathetically says, (page 65)â€Å"What’d you have to start that for? You see how sweet he was as soon as you talked hopefully? Come up and say good night to him. Don’t let him go to bed that way. † Even though Willy treats Linda sternly, she cares for him so much that she forgives and excuses his actions. Miller tells us, she more than loves him, she admires him. A man with as delicate a sense of self-worth as Willy cannot tolerate his wifes discordance with him, so Linda has adjusted herself to ignore her own opinions in favor of her husband. Linda also suffers in the way that her sons do not give enough respect to Willy. She feels that Willy deserves at least therespect of his sons when she says, (page 56) Attention, attention must finally be paid to such a person. She is a good and understanding mother, but will not tolerate her sons disrespecting her beloved husband. After Linda finds out that Biff and Happy abandon their father in a restaurant for dates with women theyve picked up, she loses control of her emotions and attacks both of them by shouting out, (page 124) Theres no stranger youd do that to! I don’t want you tormenting him anymore. You’re a pair of animals! Not one, not another living soul would have the cruelty to walk out on that man in a restaurant! Accordingly, Linda is pushed to the brink of anxiety, as she tries ever so hard to keep her husband happy. Even though Linda suffers through an emotional rollercoaster, she still assumes the role as the loving wife and symbolizes the values of love and devotion to the Loman family. Youre my foundation and my support (page 18) Willy tells Linda. Even then Willy understands Linda’s devotion to him. She is the model of a loving, devoted, and patient wife. Linda has always supported Willy in his illusions about himself and his achievements. Willys lapses turn Linda into an even sweeter and more amiable woman. Linda is also responsible to keep a clear picture of their finances. When Willy and Linda are talking about how much money Willy earned, she says, (page 35) â€Å"Two hundred-my God! Two hundred and twelve dollars!† A few moments later after Willy slowly explains how much he really made, Linda says, â€Å"Well, it makes seventy dollars and somepennies. .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd , .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd .postImageUrl , .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd , .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd:hover , .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd:visited , .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd:active { border:0!important; } .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd:active , .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u8fb6055ba70d86eba53e17b6cd4a30cd:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Health promotion Essay That’s very good.† When Willy boasts of big sales, Linda gently questions until she learns the truth, never showing any disapproval of him for exaggerating. She does the best she can with their meager income to pay their endless bills. Linda is Willys comfort and support. She believes in him completely, even in his fantasy of himself.In some respects, Linda has made a child of her husband, always indulgent and devoted to him. In this way, Linda is truly Willy’s guide, moral support, and comforter.Linda avoids the truth with Willy by protecting and defending his pride and self-respect. By doing so, she is destroying all hopes of him becoming successful. She does this by constant reassuring, which leads to high and unrealistic hopes. This is evident when Linda says, (page 37) â€Å"But you’re doing wonderful dear. You’re making seventy to a hundred dollars a week. † Linda is only saying this because she does not want to destroy Willy’s spirit. She is reassuring him that he is doing great and that he is making enough money. In actuality, this is not the case because Willy is about 50 dollarsshort of paying the month’s bills. By reassuring Willy, Linda is giving him a false sense of pride. To a certain extent, Willy believes he is better than he really is because of Linda. Linda’s defense and protection indirectly leads to her husband’s downfall. When Willy goes to Howard to ask for a job, Willy thinks he is better than he really is when he says, (page 82) â€Å"I put thirty-four years into this firm, Howard.. .. and in 1928 I had a big year. I averaged a hundred and seventy dollars a week in commissions. † If Willy knew the truth that he was not good enough to make it in the business, he would not have takenthe rejection so seriously. This false sense of reality leads to Willy’s epression and confusion on whether or not life is worth living anymore. When Ben comes and offers Willy a far-away job (page 85), Linda boycotts it, saying he ought to be satisfied with his wonderful position at home. Willy needed Linda’s unconditional approval, but ironically it may have prevented the one chance he had to escape to a more suitable way of life. From beginning to end, Linda is the true care giver for the Loman family. However, Linda fails to realize that it’s not how much love is given; it is how love is given that is important. She uses her love as a protective barrier, in an effort to defend her family from the harsh reality. But in the inspiring, paradoxical intricacy of her character, she ends up being the source of Willy’s downfall. There is a lesson to be learned from Linda Loman: hiding the truth is not the proper way to love, for it does more bad than good. Even though the truth may hurt at that point in time, later on it will be realized hat the truth only helps benefit growth and development. The truth ultimately aids in restoring hopes and dreams. When people are able to grasp this concept of love, the American Dream will be feasible to anyone.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Digital Device

Question: Explain the term "Digital Device". Answer: Digital divide is a concept that refers to the gap that is created between the individuals or businesses or geographical areas at a number of different social and economic levels which is due to the lesser opportunities or ease of accessibility to Information and Communication Technology (ICT). A huge difference is created between the people or communities that can make use and benefit from the Internet as compared to the ones that do not get the privilege to do the same (OECD, 2016). The digital divide is further explained on the basis of four parameters as Who, Which, How and To What. Who is the primary subject that performs the connectivity: Individuals, Businesses, Households, Country, Community and many more. Which are the attributes that define the divide that is created: Educations, Age, Gender, Race, Ethnicity, Geographical location and many further. How sophisticated the usage is: Accessibility, Connectivity, Usage, Amount of Usage, Opportunities etc. To What does the entity connect to: Computer Systems, Mobile Devices, Tablets, Workstations etc. Reasons for Digital Divide There are a number of social, cultural and economic factors behind the digital divide which are described as below: Education Households and individual who are educated in a better way get more opportunities to use Internet and understand the benefits that are possible with the same. On the other hand, the ones those who are not qualified much do not get the advantages of the same and hence, do not make an effort to utilize the web. Economic Condition This is one of the major reasons behind the digital divide. There are households who can easily afford the hardware, software and network requirements for accessing the Internet and communication framework whereas some are not privileged to attain benefit from the same. Race and Ethnicity There is also varied difference of the usage of ICT between the different races and ethnicities that exist all around. Some of the races make more use of the Internet whereas there are certain races where this number is surprisingly low (Cs.stanford.edu, 2016). Age and Gender This is also one of the major factors that have contributed towards the growth of digital divide. People belonging to a particular age group or gender tend to make use of ICT more as compared to others. Changes with Solutions to Digital Divide Huawei banded together with the biggest neighborhood transporter in Bangladesh to start the Phone Lady extend and set up Communication Information Centers (CICs) to give UAS. The point of the activity is to expand the accessibility of phone and data access administrations for occupants in country regions and empower them to profit by financial and social achievement. Through this activity the bearer connects with a substantial number of nearby proprietors, the majority of whom are female, by organizing advances from the neighborhood bank for buying cell telephone gadgets and giving preparing on the best way to work the administration. The activity has ended up being an extraordinary achievement in determining the UAS issue in provincial ranges and has prompted expanded monetary exercises and encouraged general correspondences. The transporter and Huawei will encourage extend UAS to data administrations, for example, the Internet and related administrations. The transporter composes the neighborhood aggregate units and a few proprietors to build up CICs that the proprietors autonomously own and work. The CICs capacity as client administration focuses that give administrations, for example, pay telephones, e-revive, printing, checking, replicating, and additionally notices and news (counting the cost of homestead items, government sites, and occupation data). Subsequently, individuals in remote zones can have better salaries, discover occupations, get data on homestead items, and expansion the general monetary action of the locale. The "Telephone for All" anticipate (initially advanced by the Maitland Commission over two decades back) has accomplished a specific measure of progress. As indicated by the most recent report by the ITU Secretary-General, its goal has essentially been accomplished. The world's top need for the following a quarter century is to connect the computerized separate brought about by national information systems (broadband) and make "Broadband Inclusion for All" a reality. In any case, developing national broadband systems frequently requires a significant venture and both open and private segments must endeavor to accomplish this objective (Huawei.com, 2016). Apart from the above efforts taken to close the gap of digital divide, there are many countries who have been pro-actively working to bridge this divide. The top most in the list and the initiatives taken are as listed below: Singapore The city-state's legislature has one of the world's best scopes of online administrations and e-cooperation instruments and positions behind just the United Arab Emirates for the effect of data innovation on government productivity. Singapore offers the most helpful business and development environment worldwide and the second most computerized prepared workforce (second, behind Finland.) With such fruitful ground, it is not amazing that advanced use is so across the board: Singapore brags the most elevated infiltration of portable broadband memberships per capita. However Internet uptake is shockingly low: just seventy five percent of the populace utilizes the Internet all the time, far lower than pioneers Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. This generally low uptake does not avert more than a large portion of the populace being utilized in learning escalated occupations, the second most elevated after Luxembourg. Finland Following two years at the top, Finland slips to second place however positions best on the planet on abilities and has a fabulous political/business environment and framework. Together with reasonable access, these variables have driven across the board use among subjects and organizations. In spite of the fact that it has not yet discovered approaches to completely rebuild its huge data innovation industry, Finland has overwhelmed Japan as the nation with the most astounding number of licenses per capita. The administration is reexamining approaches to advance the computerized business and these endeavors are relied upon to stem the decay of government online administration conveyance and e-interest that have lost the nation the top spot. Sweden The countrys political and business environment stays one of the top-notch on the planet regardless of a slight decay. Incredible framework, moderate access, and a very gifted populace mean data innovation utilization is across the board among organizations and the populace on the loose. This action is pondered in enormous effects the economy and society. Swedish organizations are exceedingly imaginative in making new items and administrations, pioneers in licensing ICT-related innovation, and half of the Swedish workforce is currently utilized in information serious occupations. The Netherlands The Netherlands scores extremely well on political and administrative systems, the business and development environment, and for framework and abilities. In any case, one test remains reasonableness, where the nation positions 72nd on the planet. That has prompted low versatile and portable broadband memberships. In any case, singular utilization is generally wide: the nation positions third for access to PCs and broadband. The Netherlands has a portion of the most abnormal amounts of business-to-business and business-to-buyer Internet utilization and the administration remains a pioneer in giving access to taxpayer driven organizations on the web, so making Dutch e-support the world's ideal. Norway Norway has the best computerized framework on the planet and Norwegians are second just to Icelanders for access to the Internet. Norway likewise scores exceptionally on measures of the effect, with versatility of the workplace and utilization of advanced in training both positioned third on the planet. Half of specialists are utilized in learning concentrated occupations, and Norway positions 6th for the successful utilization of computerized to enhance access to fundamental administrations (World Economic Forum, 2016). Recommended Solutions for Controlling Digital Divide The following solutions have been suggested to bridge the gap that is created with digitization. Mapping the community assets It is extremely important to understand and analyze the current state of community assets before beginning to work on the path of bridging the gap. There must be complete details such as number of households that can access web, number of devices owned, accessibility status of each household, problem areas and likewise. These figures would help them in the process of creating opportunities to those who do not get the privilege to access and use Internet. Providing support to the local non-profit organizations There are a number of local not-for-profit organizations that are diligently working towards minimizing the digital divide. Government and an individual as an own must provide the support to such organizations so that the fruitful results are seen and are seen quickly. For instance, Oakland Technology Exchange West provides fixed up computers and customer assistance to the people. Discover and keep track of low-cost offers There are a number of service providers that offer various service plans ranging from high to low rates. It is necessary to do a good research to find out a suitable plan at lower rates to have a cost-effective solution in place (Dugan et al., 2014). Allow the use of unlicensed white space White space is a term for TV and radio frequencies that aren't as of now being used for existing channels. Initially, these additional frequencies were pressed between channels as a kind of cradle so as to forestall obstruction. Be that as it may, organizations have since discovered approaches to work on these channels without bringing about any intrusion to neighboring projects. Moreover, a worldwide move to computerized TV and radio from simple has authorized a considerably more extensive swath of range. Computerized signs can transmit on contiguous channels without making a disturbance either. Since country territories have a tendency to have admittance to less existing diverts in any case, they would have significantly more extra range. New gadgets including cell phones, tablets, and PCs that know how to identify unused range can utilize it to transmit remote broadband signs. These frequencies are particularly valuable since they can convey a great deal of information over long s eparations and reach inside. Bring the dig-once process in practice At whatever point an organization needs to introduce another optical fiber link to give better Internet access to a house or group, it should first contract bulldozers and a development team to burrow a way to the new destination. In the event that various organizations need to convey fiber to the same territory at various times, they may end up burrowing the same course once more. It's straightforward why this procedure is costly and troublesome to local people. There is a much less demanding and less expensive methodology would be for governments to require street development groups to lay a solitary course close by each new street as they are building it, through which all future fiber optic links could be strung. Universal advancement banks could do likewise for the undertakings they support. Creation of local content To welcome the following billion clients, organizations and technologists need to connect with profoundly with nearby groups to figure out whether and how they expect to utilize this entrance. That way, said the specialists, systems can be worked out in ways that best suit those reasons. At the end of the day, reacting to real interest for the Internet is as essential as formulating new plans to offer it. One key part of that reaction is creating nearby substance that is applicable to potential new clients in their local dialects. Numerous administrations have started to offer online administrations for business, duties, or licenses, which is one approach to create nearby substance. Designers are likewise seeing accomplishment with nearby locales and applications that individuals offer with each other in a specific area (IEEE Spectrum: Technology, Engineering, and Science News, 2016). Conclusion Digital Divide is a term that refers to the gap that has been created due to the accessibility and opportunity to use to the Internet for one section and the inability to do so for the rest. This gap is seen on a global platform and there are multiple reasons behind the same. The primary reasons that have been seen behind the problem of digital divide are the ones related to education, age, gender, economic condition, race and ethnicity. In all of these factors a particular section of individuals or community gets better opportunities and accessibility to Internet and communication technology whereas the other does not get the same. There have been many efforts put in by the Government and the non-profit organizations as well to minimize the gap. The top countries that have received successful results in attempts to bridge the gap are Singapore, Finland, Sweden, The Netherlands and Norway. There are many other solutions which can be adapted to minimize this difference such as proper assessment of the available resources and mapping them to the requirements. Also, to support the local non-profit organizations and keeping a track of available service plans that are cost-effective in nature is of utmost importance. There are a number of frequencies that are not used by the devices such as television and radio and can be utilized to provide web services to the people. Adapting and adhering to the practice of digging just once and using the local content can be of good help as well. References Cs.stanford.edu. (2016). The Digital Divide. [online] Available at: https://cs.stanford.edu/people/eroberts/cs201/projects/digital-divide/start.html [Accessed 2 Jun. 2016]. Dugan, S., Bolsinger, A., Bolsinger, A., Bolsinger, A., Larson, S., Bolsinger, A., Meier, N., Dugan, S. and Dugan, S. (2014). Three ways to bridge the digital divide in Oakland (Community Voices) - Oakland Local. 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